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Punggol (榜鹅, பொங்கோல்), alternatively spelt as Ponggol, is a planning area and residential town situated on the Tanjong Punggol peninsula in the North-East Region of Singapore. The town directly borders Sengkang to the south and shares riverine boundaries with the planning area of Seletar to the west and Pasir Ris to the east. Bounding the town to the north and north-east is the Straits of Johor, with Coney Island included as a part of the Punggol planning area.

Under the Punggol 21 initiative, plans to turn the area into a new residential town was announced in 1996 and development of the town started in 1998. Due to the Asian financial crisis in 1997 and the financial troubles within the construction industry in 2003, the plan did not fully materialize. In 2007, a new initiative, the Punggol 21-plus plan, was introduced to redevelop the area into a waterfront town. Punggol is divided into 7 subzones, namely, Coney Island, Matilda district, Northshore district, Punggol Canal, Punggol Field, Punggol Town Centre and Waterway East district.

EtymologyEdit

Punggol Point or Tanjong Punggol appears as Tanjong Rangon on Franklin and Jackson's 1828 map of Singapore. Punggol, also spelt as Ponggol, means "hurling sticks at the branches of fruit trees to bring them down to the ground" in Malay. It could also refer to a place where fruits and forest produce are offered wholesale and carried away. These possible names indicate that Punggol was a fruit growing district. The place is said to take its name from the river Sungei Ponggol.

Ponggol also means "a stump of a tree", especially "a high stump". There are suggestions that the word is Tamil (Pongal, "the feast of the boiling rice", is celebrated when the sun enters the sign of Capricorn). However, the word Ponggol or Punggol is definitely Malay.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

File:Pw7 soo teck.jpg

Located in the vicinity of the Punggol Jetty, Punggol was believed to have existed 200 years ago before Sir Stamford Raffles founded Singapore. The Punggol area used to be a well-established rural district dotted with farmhouses and farm structures, which were serviced by roads and dirt tracks. It was one of the oldest settlements in Singapore. The original settlers were predominantly Malays. The early Chinese immigrants, who settled in Punggol from the mid 19th century onwards, were engaged in plantation work, mainly rubber. As the population of the Chinese increased, many Chinese villagers were then engaged in poultry, pig or fish farming, as well as farm produce. The last pig farm closed down in 1990. Hydroponic non-pollutive vegetable farms and orchid farms used to flourish along the Cheng Lim Farmways and Buangkok Farmways, along with old kampongs and low-rise residential areas. Most of these farms have given way to the high-rise HDB flats of Sengkang New Town and Punggol New Town.

Historically, Punggol was populated mostly by Teochews and Catholics. However, the original settlers were predominantly Malays. The end of Upper Serangoon Road is known to Teochews as kangkar or "river bank" or "river mouth". Ferries were used on the Serangoon River as transport. An old market was also located here. The Catholic missionaries arrived here 140 years ago and set up churches and schools. A Malay kampong, which has since been cleared, could also be found at Tanjong Punggol. At the end of Punggol Port Road, Indonesian and Malaysian fishermen auctioned their catch at the wholesale fish market.

World War IIEdit

During the Second World War in 1942, about 400 Chinese civilians were massacred by the Japanese military forces at Punggol Point, the northern tip of the area, in what was to be known as the Punggol Beach Massacre as part of the Sook Ching Massacre. Today, that location has been marked as a national heritage site, and a war memorial now exists at the area.

Post-war PunggolEdit

In the 1960s, basic amenities like piped water, electricity, paved roads, and drainage systems were introduced through government and self-help programmes. It was also at this time that television became popular and antennas could be seen installed on many kampong rooftops.

Punggol was also known for its sumptuous seafood and boatels that provided services like docking and renting of boats for boating, water skiing and skindiving lessons. These seafood restaurants and boatels have since been relocated in the mid-1990s to facilitate land reclamation works.[1] Poultry and pig farms were also gradually phased out when redevelopment commenced in the 1970s. The last pig farm closed down in 1990. Land vacated by resettled farmers were then tendered out on short term leases for non-pollutive agricultural activities, which included hydroponic non-pollutive vegetable and orchid farms that used to flourish along the Cheng Lim Farmways and Buangkok Farmways. These farms existed along with old kampongs and low-rise residential areas. Most of these farms have given way to the high-rise HDB flats of Sengkang New Town and Punggol New Town.

TodayEdit

Punggol 21Edit

File:Singapore punggol 001 2002.jpg

In his National Day Rally speech on 18 August 1996, then-Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong announced the Singapore Government's plan to develop Punggol, known as "Punggol 21". Punggol 21 was a new model for housing Punggol, which would feature a new concept in housing as a model for new towns in the 21st century. It would have a mix of private houses, executive condominiums, and high-grade HDB flats grouped into smaller, distinctly designed estates. Each estate would contain between 1,200 and 2,800 units, with a common neighbourhood green. Every housing unit would be located within 300 metres of the nearest LRT station. Schools, libraries, and community clubs would be clustered for convenience, and there would be three commercial centres, including shopping centres.[2][3]

A few months after the speech, Punggol 21, which was part of Cheng San Group Representation Constituency then, became an election carrot for the People's Action Party (PAP) to beat a Workers' Party team led by J.B. Jeyaretnam and Tang Liang Hong. At the general election in 1997, the five-man PAP team managed to retain Cheng San GRC with 54.8% of the valid votes.[4]

However, Punggol 21 did not materialise fully as Singapore's economy was affected by the Asian economic crisis in 1997. Although construction began the next year, it was stopped when demand for new flats fell sharply. Plans were again delayed when the construction industry in Singapore experienced financial troubles in 2003. As a result, only some 16,000 flats, out of the 80,000 planned units, have been built as at 2007. There was only one shopping mall in the estate, Punggol Plaza, and there were no recreational facilities like cinemas or swimming pools.[4][5] As of January 2016, a second shopping mall in the estate, Waterway Point, has opened, and recreational facilities have since been planned within the estate.

Punggol 21-plusEdit

File:Executive Apartment at Blk 184 Edgefield Plains.jpg

In his National Day Rally speech on 19 August 2007, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong offered a new vision for Punggol New Town, and introduced the "Punggol 21-plus" plan to re-vitalise the town.[4][6][7][8][9]

Under the new plan, Sungei Punggol and Sungei Serangoon, which flank the town, will be dammed up to create a freshwater lake and serve as a reservoir. A 4.2-kilometre long, 20-30-metre wide man-made waterway will run through the estate, linking both rivers. Work on it will start in 2009, and had been completed on 26 October 2011. When built, there will be recreational facilities like water sports for kayaking and canoeing, gardens and parks with jogging and cycling tracks, rooftop gardens, eateries for al fresco dining and a floating island.[4][5][6][8][10]

The "Punggol 21-plus" project involves 18,000 new HDB and private flats, and about 3,000 new flats will be built in Punggol New Town every year. Punggol New Town is projected to have 96,000 units when fully developed in the long term. Waterfront housing will have stepped courtyards. There will be a promenade on the northern sea front, stretching about 8.7 km. An integrated waterfront commercial and residential development has also been planned at the town centre, which will be built on both banks of the waterway. The site for this project was put up for sale and named Waterway Point with condominium - Watertown.[5][6][10] There will also be other facilities within the town centre, which includes a community club, regional library and hawker centre in the future.[11] Before General Election 2011, residents were assured that the hawker center will be build at the plot of land between Punggol MRT and Foguan Shan. It had since quietly change the plot of land to "reserved for future high rise development".[12]

Punggol Central will be converted into a tree-lined boulevard with landscaping. Coney Island, on the other hand, has already opened itself to the public in 2015.[10]

SubzonesEdit

Subzone[13] Population Population
density
(/km²)
Area
(km²)
Coney Island 0 0 1.33
Matilda 30,440 21,417 1.42
Northshore 280 196 1.43
Punggol Canal 0 0 1.11
Punggol Field 43,300 31,404 1.38
Punggol Town Centre 7,390 6,029 1.23
Waterway East 28,340 19,461 1.46
Total 109,750 12,000 9.34

AmenitiesEdit

TransportationEdit

File:Big blue sky.JPG

Urban development into the area has been accelerated with the introduction of better transportational options. The Tampines Expressway (TPE) links Punggol New Town up with Singapore's expressway network. The Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway, which provides a direct route to the city area via TPE, was fully opened in September 2008.[14] New roads were also built to ease traffic congestion on Punggol Road.[15]

In terms of public transport, the opening of the North-East Line on 20 June 2003,[16][17] the Punggol LRT Line (East) on 29 January 2005,[18] and the temporary Punggol Bus Interchange adjacent to the Punggol MRT Station on 30 November 2003,[19] while the West Punggol LRT Line was opened, with the last 3 stations (Nibong, Sumang and Soo Teck) currently in operation, on June 29, 2014. As of April, PW1 Sam Kee has also opened up, allowing residents to go to the new Punggol SAFRA Club[20] This is a large improvement over what was once only a single bus route, SBS Transit's Service 82, serving the area along Punggol Road.

Commercial facilitiesEdit

Punggol Plaza
File:Punggol Plaza 3, Jan 06.JPG

Template:Main article Strategically located near Coral Edge LRT Station, Punggol Plaza is the first shopping mall in Punggol New Town. Opened in September 2004, it offers residents the convenience of fulfilling all their marketing needs at one place, with an NTUC FairPrice supermarket located on the third floor of the plaza and a food court operated by Koufu on the ground floor. Free shuttle services between Punggol Plaza and Sengkang New Town have been provided since September 2004.[21]

Waterway Point
File:Waterway Point Night View.jpg

Template:Main article Located beside the Punggol Waterway and Punggol MRT/LRT Station, Waterway Point is the largest mall located in Punggol New Town. It is integrated with a town square and a visitors’ centre which provides an avenue for residents and the public to learn more about the heritage of Punggol through exhibitions and civic and community events and also features the first underground and largest suburban cineplex in Singapore.[22] The mall had a soft launch on January 18, 2016,[23] and was officially opened on April 19, 2016.[24]

Recreational facilitiesEdit

Punggol Waterway Park

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Punggol Waterway Park is a riverine park located along the Punggol Waterway. Opened in October 2011, the park is designed with four themes to cater to residents of all ages. It also provides residents opportunities for leisure activities such as jogging and cycling which can be carried out along the promenade at both sides of the waterway.

Safra Punggol Clubhouse

Located near Punggol Waterway Park beside Sam Kee LRT station on the Punggol LRT West Loop, the Safra Punggol Clubhouse is a five storey recreational facility. Announced to be built in June 2014, the clubhouse caters to mainly NS men and their families features an indoor water playground and a large eco-themed childcare centre. Completed in 2016, the clubhouse houses 10 F&B outlets such as themed restaurants, alfresco dining and quick-service outlets. Punggol Safra was officially opened on April 24, 2016.[25]

Educational institutionsEdit

There are currently nine primary schools and three secondary schools in Punggol New Town.

Primary schools
  • Edgefield Primary School[26] (育德小学), Edgefield Primary School originally opened in January 2001 but could not attract enough students to make even one class. It opened in January 2002
  • Greendale Primary School [27] (绿苑小学),[28] Greendale Primary School was one of the six new primary schools built in new housing estates and towns so as to cater to smaller class size
  • Mee Toh School[29] (弥陀学校), Mee Toh School moved from Race Course Road to Punggol New Town in January 2006
  • Horizon Primary School, Opened in 2012.
  • Oasis Primary School, Opened in 2016 along with Punggol Cove and Waterway Primary Schools.
  • Punggol Cove Primary School, Opened in 2016 along with Oasis and Waterway Primary Schools.
  • Punggol Green Primary School, Opened in 2013, Punggol Green Primary will be serving the Punggol West community. It is located at 98 Punggol Walk, next to Punggol Sapphire and Punggol Ripples.[30]
  • Punggol View Primary School (培林小学), Opened in 2013, Punggol View Primary operates as a single-session school so as to commit more space and time for holistic education.
  • Waterway Primary School, Opened in 2016 along with Oasis and Punggol Cove Primary Schools.
Secondary schools
Tertiary institutions

ReferencesEdit

  1. Only two out of the four seafood eateries that operated at the old Punggol Point until 1995 are still around in Singapore: Template:Cite news
  2. Template:Cite news
  3. Template:Cite news
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Template:Cite news
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Template:Cite news
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Template:Cite news
  7. Template:Cite news
  8. 8.0 8.1 Template:Cite news
  9. Template:Cite news
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Template:Cite news
  11. Template:Cite web
  12. http://esales.hdb.gov.sg/hdbvsf/eampuadp.nsf/0/SA_BTO_201508/$file/PunggolMap.pdf
  13. Template:Cite web
  14. Template:Cite news
  15. Template:Cite news
  16. Template:Cite news
  17. Template:Cite news
  18. The west loop of the Sengkang LRT Line opened on the same day: Template:Cite news
  19. The S$1.9-million temporary Punggol Bus Interchange, which took 10 months to construct, was opened on 30 November 2003 by Member of Parliament for Pasir Ris-Punggol GRC Teo Chee Hean{cite news | author = | title = Punggol residents get bus interchange| publisher = The Straits Times | date = 1 December 2003| page=}
  20. Template:Cite web
  21. Template:Cite news
  22. Template:Cite web
  23. Template:Cite web
  24. Template:Cite web
  25. Template:Cite web
  26. Template:Cite news
  27. Template:Cite news
  28. Template:Cite web
  29. Template:Cite news
  30. Template:Cite news
  31. Greendale Secondary School opened in January 2006: Template:Cite web
  32. Pei Dao Secondary School was re-named Punggol Secondary School when it was relocated to Punggol New Town in 2001: Template:Cite web
  33. Template:Cite web
  34. Template:Cite web
  35. Template:Cite web

External linksEdit

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